James Turrell: Three Gems, 2005
Also commissioned for the de Young is a new work of art by renowned California artist James Turrell (b. 1943), best known for his visionary work with light. Created specifically for a site in the new de Young’s Osher Sculpture Garden, it is a gift of Mr. and Mrs. Osher. This "skyspace," titled Three Gems, is the first work by Turrell to enter the museum’s collections. It is a subterranean installation that will feature a view of the sky altered by L.E.D. lighting effects, and that highlights changing light and weather conditions outside.
Although Turrell has created other skyspaces, his project for the de Young will be his first skyspace to adopt the stupa form. The sculpture will be sited in a grass-covered hill in the Osher Sculpture Garden. Viewers will walk through a short tunnel cut into the hill, and then enter into a cylindrical space carved out of the hill. The retaining walls of this cylindrical space will be white concrete and the floor will be red stone. At the center of this cylindrical space will be a rough-hewn, black basalt stupa form. Entering the round stupa through a door, viewers will sit on a stone bench that runs around the circumference of the skyspace and view the sky through an oculus cut in the roof of the chamber. Viewers’ perceptions of the sky color will be subtly altered by an L.E.D. lighting system inside the chamber, and by changing light and weather conditions outside the chamber.
James Turrell, one of the most important contemporary artists, is a major figure in the Earth, Conceptual, Minimal, and Process Art movements. Turrell’s works are included in numerous museum collections, including the Art Institute of Chicago, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, the Museum fur Moderne Kunst, the Museum of Modern Art, the National Gallery of Art, and the Whitney Museum of American Art.